Shijie has brought into taken Hangzhou city as an example to demonstrate current Chinese city’s urban design. In his post, he analysed some of the most important economic problems about the Hangzhou, which a large scale urban design projects in China. He discussed the costs of urban renewal and economic problems facing Chinese cities.
As the second largest city in the Yangzi River Delta and one of the largest tourist cities in China, Hangzhou has been in the forefront of the economic development in Chinese cities over recent years. Famous for its natural beauty and historical and cultural heritage, it is the political, economic and cultural centre of Zhejiang province (Chinadaily, 2009). Hangzhou has put forward a series of measure to promote the innovative city and independent innovative system building with remarkable achievement. It is now leading the development of innovative industries in China, especially in terms of economics. (The CPC Hangzhou Municipal Committee, 2012).
Hangzhou’s current urban spatial structure of industries.
Mega project developments like Hangzhou’s New City Center in the existing urban fabric allow for localized entrepreneurial governance. Rather than regenerating an industrial city or redressing social development issues, the New City Center mega project in Hangzhou has been used to restructure the physical space of the city, reorganize urban economic sectors, guide urban growth, and improve overall city competitiveness in the region. Although there are some resemblances in urban governance between the post-industrial West and the post-socialist China, entrepreneurial urban governance in China is still a new phenomenon. The local state plays a dominant, and sometimes even monopolistic, role in mega project development and policy decision-making. There are public-private partnerships in the development process in China. However, they are different from the public-private partnerships observed in the West in that the partnerships in China are for strategic promotion and marketing rather than for joint investments. What we have seen in the Chinese context is the leading role of the local state in establishing its contacts with the mobilised elements such as private entrepreneurs, property developers, and owners, as well as public sectors. Local governments and property developers are still the main players and beneficiaries in development. The ultimate goals for the partnerships are similar to those in the West. (Feng, & Zhou, 2005).
Different phases of Qianjiang New City Center Development.
I am really interested in this development of urban design economics. Based on the above, it is necessary to continue the studies about the fitness of these types of developments in the economics of the city and urban design. Only by following a Hangzhou-style path of innovation-driven economics development can improving the urban design and developing innovative economy is urgently required to the accomplishment of building well-off society in an all-around way, taking the lead in basically realising modernism and building Hangzhou into a quality, happy and harmonious oriental city. (Zhu, 2011).
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Zhu, Q. (2011) ‘Building Hangzhou’s new city centre: mega project development and entrepreneurial urban governance in China’, Asian Geographer. 28 (1) pp.3-19.