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Runyu has discussed on analyzing sustainable urban transport development in Chinese cities. She pointed out that China has partly ignored environment issues in past decades under its rapid development. Nowadays, people are suffering from the heavy traffic issue and air pollution problems, that especially in big cities. Within the urbanisation process, cities in China have sprawled and urban traffic issues have become a significant component in urban development. In order to develop cities sustainability, China paid more attention to sustainable urban transport.

In the post, traffic issues have been indicated as a significant issue at the beginning by Runyu and we can see that traffic jam is occurring in almost every city in China, especially in megacities such as Beijing and Shanghai. Therefore, cities in China invite new sustainable transport system to solve the traffic problems. Runyu mainly focuses on analyzing the new cycle system, bike-sharing system, in urban areas since bikes may be adopted into the public transit systems as a complementary way, a bike-sharing system can provide chances to be integrated into the urban development (Guan, 2011). However, with new transport system applied in cities, new issues have arisen to the public.

(Figure 1. Traffic jam in Chinese cities. Source: http://m.lymil.com/2015/0406/18399.html.)

Expect for the bike-sharing system, China has other public transportation such as metro, light rail transit and bus rapid transit (BRT). Although rather than vehicles, these four green public modes of transport give people more choices in their daily life, the traffic jam is still terrible problems in China. The reason is the stations for metro, light rail and BRT exist as “island” without linkages with each other (Wang, 2015). These public transport systems are separate and independent. People sometimes still prefer to take the private car as their traffic mode even under heavy traffics.

(Figure. 2. Disordered traffic situation around the bus station. Source: http://www.cd3d.com.cn/news/hangye/629.html.)

The bike-sharing system can partly be a method to solve the problem that each public transport system is separate with others. That is the “last mile” issue in public transit modes can be solved by adopting bikes to connect with buses (Chen, 2017). As Runyu posts, it has not just brought a tremendous contribution to the society, but also huge benefits to the companies. Amount of bike-sharing companies have been established in the following period but result in a terrible issue that there are no enough areas to stop bikes (Zhou, 2016). Bikes are stopped everywhere and make the city disordered. The new form sustainable transport system in China could be a good way to solve the traffic issues, however, it has faced a series challenges when it is applied in a city. It will depend on urban planners and urban designers to set a suitable transport network for further sustainable urban development.

(Figure 3. Sharing bikes are stopped everywhere. Source: http://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/2085751/chinas-bike-sharing-boom-puts-pressure-planners. )

 

References:

Wang, X. (2015) The Challenges in Public Transport Systems in China, Jinan Daily, Available at: http://news.163.com/15/1123/11/B93R48DI00014AED.html.

Chen, Y., (2017) Mobike and Ofo investors in talks to merge China’s two largest bike-sharing startups, the Independent Online, Available at http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/indyventure/mobike-ofo-merger-investor-talks-bike-sharing-startups-china-largest-a7980381.html on 28 Dec 2017.

Zhou, L., & Wang, S. (2017) How bike-sharing blooms in China? Tecent Technology, Available at: http://tech.qq.com/a/20170208/004317.htm?pgv_ref=aio2015_hao123news.

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