Many cities in UK experienced deprivation since their original industrial functions were not in demand anymore. Voca touched a very interesting topic in her blog post “Cultural Regeneration in Newcastle” which discusses issues of post-industrial regeneration of inner city and how it is achieved.
As industrial sites were mostly located at the waterfront, these parts of industrial cities weren’t a favourable place to live in the old times. However, with the decline of industrial functions and as the cities started to expand, a real need in urban inner lands emerged. This is when local authorities, developers and investors found their interest in urban waterfronts. The model of post-industrial waterfront regeneration was first developed in USA in the 1960-70s and then applied all over the world, sometimes regardless of historical context or industrial heritage of the site.
This model was represented as a mixed-use development including retail, business and residential uses and one of the first and most successful examples became Baltimore Inner Wharf redevelopment. This regeneration scheme was particularly successful due to the events strategy that was developed alongside the physical regeneration of the site. Events held at Inner Harbour were attracting around 35 mln people a year, promoting cultural regeneration and becoming a centre point of cultural life in the region.
Therefore, cultural regeneration is an important part of post-industrial regeneration, animating cities and providing leisure facilities both for residents and visitors. Cultural regeneration projects attract investments and gain wide recognition.
Karski, A. (1990) Urban tourism. A key to urban regeneration, The Planner, 76, April, pp. 17±18
HUD (US Department of Housing and Urban Development) (1985) Economic Development in Baltimore: Three decades of public-private partnership, Washington, DC.