In this blog, Runyu took Newcastle as an example and described how to design a commercial shared street in cities, which aroused great intreats from me. It is a new idea to me. In accordance with Runyu, commercial shared street may be a choice for places with high pedestrian activity and discouraged or low volumes of vehicles. Such streets are suitable for wide or narrow cross sections. They, however, become difficult to retain and more and more complicated as the width of such shared space increases.
In default, shared streets can be found in historic cities whose rights of way is narrow. There, 1 or 2 narrow lanes may be used collectively by bikes, motorcycles, cars, and other loading vehicles. Limited by space, it is probably for these streets to have inaccessibly narrow sidewalks, where light piles and utility boxes block the space of pedestrians. In other cases, street sellers and random parking will occupy the sidewalks, so that pedestrians will be forced on the roadbed (NACTO, 2013).
- Vulnerable users must be considered first in design strategies to maintain clear paths. Cooperate with local accessibility groups and make joint efforts so that local guidelines for design, facilities and materials can be meet for certain.
- In making the design, material availability and local climate should be considered. Designers should provide permeable materials and drainage channels pursuant to existing slope and curb lines.
- To make the street pedestrian-oriented, paving and textures must conform to the curb.
Case Study: Auckland CBD, New Zealand
As Fort Street showcased, shared streets can change districts to destinations, which can increase visitors for various activities. It is among the few emerging shared spaces in Auckland CBD, New Zealand, and it provides a quality public area and makes the pedestrian more available. Fort Street is transformed into a shared street which makes the pedestrian volume increase by 54% and consumer spending increase by 47%.
Amstel, W. (2017). How to develop a commercial shared street? City Logistics. Available at: http://www.citylogistics.info/research/how-to-develop-a-commercial-shared-street/ [Accessed 20 May 2018].
NACTO. (2013). Urban Street Design Guide – National Association of City Transportation Officials. Available at: https://nacto.org/publication/urban-street-design-guide/ [Accessed 20 May 2018].