Nowadays, the world put more rights on human beings. Most of the countries pay more attention to the pedestrianisation. The main purpose of design more areas for pedestrianisation is to reduce the private vehicles and the pollution.
However, it is more flexible to deal with the relationship between vehicles and the pedestrian than what we thought. I do agree with the opinion of Ling. She believed that changing the mode of transportation requires changing the attitude at the individual level first.
Except the streets in Barcelona mentioned in the article written by Ling. The development of Northumberland Street could also be a good example. In England, the pedestrianisation of urban shopping streets in Britain was begun as early as 1923. Between the 1930s and the 1960s, there were some streets closed off from the vehicles and being used as playground for children (ISOCARP,2008).
Figure 1 Northumberland Street in 1969
In the history, major shopping street in Newcastle has changed a lot over the years. In 1928, Northumberland Street was the part of the A1, between the street in Edinburgh and London (Newcastle Uncovered, 2015).
Figure 2 Northumberland Street in 1980
In 1967, Northumberland Street was remained open to urban transportation. Until 1999, this street was used as a busy bus route. Today, Northumberland Street is completely access only for the pedestrians and emergency services (Newcastle Uncovered, 2015).
Figure 3 Recent Northumberland Street
However, before the end of the 1950’s, there were very few cities focus on pedestrianisation schemes. Maybe the main reason was that rich people refused not to use their cars. Until 1967, cities started to have pedestrianisation (ISOCARP,2008).
Sources of Images
All from: https://www.newcastleuncovered.com/newcastle-past-and-present/
Isocarp. (2008). Nasim Iranmanesh, Pedestrianisation a great necessity in urban designing to create a sustainable city in developing countries, 44th ISOCARP Congress 2008. [online] Available at: http://www.isocarp.net/data/case_studies/1130.pdf [Accessed 21 May 2018].
Newcastle Uncovered. (2015). Newcastle past and present. [online] Newcastle Uncovered. Available at: https://www.newcastleuncovered.com/newcastle-past-and-present/ [Accessed 21 May 2018].