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As was suggested by Runyu in the blog, a large number of studies have shown that understanding more about the likes and dislikes of people concerning the public green spaces in the city might facilitate the planners to fulfill the needs of users by providing and managing the urban environmental friendly spaces effectively (Curran and Hamilton, 2012). Urban environmental friendly space comprises the parks, forests, green roofs, streams, and gardens in the cummonity, which can provide crucial ecosystem services. In addition, urban green space also stimulates the number of physical activities, psychological subjective well-being, as well as the general public health of residents in the city (Wolch & Wilson, 2010).

A case study was carried out in the urban green spaces located in Newcastle. As was discussed in the blog, Runyu has emphatically studies on the green space of park in the city. Normally, parks are the location of physical activity, which is likely to contribute to the health conditions and prevention of risk for deaths of all causes and a wide range of chronic diseases (Barton & Pretty, 2010). Furthermore, psychological well-being is particularly related to the parks and green space in the city (Ernstson, 2012). An empirical research was implemented to illustrate the effect of park in easing the stress (Woo et al., 2009), and green space allows the people residing in the city to interact with the plants and animals and recover or experience the sense of loneliness (Warren, & Gaston, 2007). By visiting the parks, the residents can feel young again, calm down and reflect on problems in the inner peacefulness and quietness (Song et al., 2007). That aside, the physical involvement in the green space, also known as green exercise, is also of great significance for tpeople’s mental health (Barton and Pretty, 2010).

Evidences have also proved that there exists great relevance between the increase of perceived community greenness and the improvement of people’s mental health (Sugiyama et al. 2008). The intensified greenness in the environment has been associated with the higher level of physical and mental health from the socioeconomic perspective.

In conclusion, green urban areas exert a positive effect on the growth of physical activity and psychological relief, which provide a shelter free from the hustle and bustle for the urban residents. The parks and gardens play a big part in making the cities calm down, while serving as safe transport pathways for people walking and cycling as well as ideal locations for residents’ physical activity, interpersonal communication and for recreation. Urban green spaces also are conducive to people’s mental health. It is beneficial to abridging the health differences, secure better physical health and cure the psychological diseases by approaching urban green spaces frequently.

 

References:

Barton, J., & Pretty, J. (2010). “What is the best dose of nature and green exercise for improving mental health?” A multi-study analysis”. Environmental Science and Technology, Vol.44(10), pp.3947–3955.

Curran, W., & Hamilton, T. (2012). “Just green enough: Contesting environmentalgentrification in Greenpoint, Brooklyn”. Local Environment, Vol.17, pp.1027–1042.

Ernstson, H. (2012). “The social production of ecosystem services: A framework forstudying environmental justice and ecological complexity in urbanized land-scapes”. Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol.109(1), pp.7–17.

Song, Y., Gee, G. C., Fan, Y., & Takeuchi, D. T. (2007). “Do physical neighborhood characteristics matter in predicting traffic stress and health outcomes?” Transportation Research, Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behavior, Vol.10, pp.164–176.

Wolch, J., Newell, J., Seymour, M., Huang, H. B., Reynolds, K., & Mapes, J. (2010). “The forgotten and the future: Reclaiming back alleys for a sustainable city”. Environment and Planning A, Vol.42(12), pp.2874–2896.

Woo, J., Tang, N., Suen, E., Leung, J., & Wong, M. (2009). “Green space, psychological restoration, and telomere length”. Lancet, Vol.373(9660), pp.299–300.

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School of Architecture
Planning and Landscape
Newcastle upon Tyne
Tyne and Wear, NE1 7RU

Tel: 0191 208 6509

Email: nicola.rutherford@ncl.ac.uk


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