With the development of human society, the landscape changes along with the changes of aesthetic standard and sense of worth of human. So, modern landscape is quite different from historical landscape. Modern landscape is more focus on paths, patios, steps and even planters. The landscape designers always use certain materials such as brick and pottery. However, historical landscape is more concentrating on ceremony feelings. And also focus on people’s mental illness an improving general well-being.
Modern Landscape(Via Google)
In the design of modern landscape, water frontages, selected plants, paths, sitting area and steps are important elements for designer to think about. When designers work on this project, the key issue they need to solve is how this place could give people a sense of beautiful and convenient. For example, paths should be enclosure and seating areas should be placed on right place where could make visitor feel comfortable. Most of these features combined with wood or metal accents. Earthenware such as brick or pottery distracts from the modern landscape style’s lines, so concrete or tiles (cutting into shapes with right angles) are the top choice for modern landscape design plans.
Historical Landscape(Via Google)
Compared with modern landscape, historical landscape is more focusing on “Geniusloci” which was given by Schulz in 1979. It means a sense of place and belonging. For example, when you see this picture above, you can image there may had a war around the castle. That was called Geniusloci. When people actual in that landscape, they could find a sense of ceremony.
Many historical landscapes such as Stonehenge were treated as pilgrimage. In medieval times, pilgrimage was considered to be an exercise in healing the mind, body and soul. This idea of a healing physical and spiritual journey has been explored in a recent project called Human Henge, run by the Restoration Trust in partnership with English Heritage, Richmond Fellowship, the National Trust and Bournemouth University. They think that historic landscapes are connected with people’s mental well-being and the surrounding landscape also important as the setting for cultural therapy.
There are huge differences between modern and historical landscapes. When we design modern landscape, we could also think about how historical landscape may effect on people and then learn from it. In that case, the modern landscape would be better used by human.
Kristi York Wooten (2018) Modern Landscape Design (Online) Available at: https://www.hgtv.com/design/outdoor-design/landscaping-and-hardscaping/design/modern-landscape-design
English Heritage (2017) Human Henge: how can historic landscapes be good for you? (Online) Available at: http://blog.english-heritage.org.uk/human-henge-how-can-a-historic-landscape-be-good-for-you/