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First of all, thank you David for your interest and feedback about this theme. The aim of my blog post is to give a brief presentation of three cities that were built from the scratch and that are examples of different concepts and theories of urban design and planning during the last century.

There are many cities around the world that were built from the scratch during the 20th Century. From Canberra (Australia), to Abuja (Nigeria), passing through Dodoma (Tanzania) and Gaborone (Botswana), all of them are interesting cases of new capitals. Brasilia is perhaps the most iconic example, and the reason why I did not include it was precisely the opportunity to show other cases that are maybe not so well known as the Brazilian capital, especially Islamabad and Putrajaya.

As it is known, this is a subject that requires a deeper study and analysis. For those who are interested, here there are other sources where you can find more detailed information about this topic, which complement the references that I left in the original post:

Busquets, J. (2013). Cities and grids: In search of new paradigms. Architectural Design, 83(4), 72-77.

Chalana, M. (2015). Chandigarh: City and periphery. Journal of Planning History, 14(1), 62-84.

Goodwin, D. (2015). 6 Politically Motivated Cities Built From Scratch. Available at:

Van Noorloos, F., & Kloosterboer, M. (2018). Africa’s new cities: The contested future of urbanisation. Urban Studies, 55(6), 1223-1241.






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