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Runyu’s blog talked about there are many links between health and the built environment. She cited a phrase from WHO (1948) defined health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being” (Abraham, 2016)

She explained that Well-being offers a de-medicalized concept of health (Dodge, 2012), and landscape can promote feelings of health and well-being. I totally agree what Runyu said about Urban health issues, Air pollution, Traffic, Physical activities, and Greenspace.


Case Study

Over recent years, health policy in the UK has been increasingly advocating the use of outdoor green space to improve health, and in the environmental literature, there has been a growing emphasis on the health improvements connected with the use of the natural environment (Wanless, 2004). The project was part of an initiative called ‘THERAPI’ (Tackling Health through Environmental Regeneration and Public Involvement), with its focus on the environment as a means to health improvement (Department of Health, 2004). THERAPI began as a 3-year project in 2002, based at the Thames Chase Community Forest (TCCF) Centre in Upminster, and operating within the London Borough of Havering and the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham. Which explored access to green space and the relationships between wellbeing and green space in the activities and accounts of those using the forest.


Figure 1. Thames Chase Community Forest (TCCF) sites open to public access in 1990 and 2003, and quintiles of the 2004 Index of Multiple Deprivation for Super Output Areas within the wider TCCF area.



Figure 2. Histograms of distance to nearest green space in 1990 and 2003.



Figure 3. Deprivation versus access to green space in Thames Chase Community Forest, 1990 (open circles and dashed line) and 2003 (solid circles and solid line).

The reasons why people use green space for physical activity are multifaceted. However, access is an important factor, and if there is increased use of green space, and hence increased physical activity, and other evidence to suggest that significant impacts on health should follow.

In my opinion, by adding green space in the city could make the city become livelier and it will influence the health of the people that living in the city. By observing green areas when my eyes feel tired through it could release the stress and feel better.


Runyu’s Blog:

Urban design: health, well-being, flourishing






Department of Health. (1994) Sustainable development: the UK strategy. London: HMSO.

Department of the Environment. (1996) The United Kingdom national environmental health action plan. London: HMSO.

Department of Health. (2004) At least five a week: evidence on the impact of physical activity and its relationship to health. London: Department of Health.

Department of Health. (2005) Delivering choosing health: making healthier choices easier. London: Department of Health.

Goodwin, M. (1998) ‘The governance of rural areas: some emerging research issues and agendas’, J Rural Stud. Vol14, pp. 5-12.

Jardins, J. R. D. (1997) Environmental ethics. New York: Wadsworth.

Kearns, R. & Gesler, W. (1998) Putting health into place: landscape, identity and wellbeing. New York: Syracuse University Press.

Kessel, A.S. (2006) Air, the environment and public health. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wanless, D. (2004) Securing good health for the whole population: final report. London: HMSO.


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Planning and Landscape
Newcastle upon Tyne
Tyne and Wear, NE1 7RU

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