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Urban parks, as part of public places, play an important role in the city. In a city, public space can be positive or negative. The main street or park can be a symbol of the vitality and character of the neighbourhood, as well as a symbol of its chaos and spiritual poverty. When it is an asset, it becomes its star attraction as a neighbourhood, raising the quality of life and property value for its residents.

Common deficiencies of open space design

Poor accessibility

One of the most basic functions of public space is to provide urban residents with a gathering place for leisure activities. Therefore, the urban plaza must be a public activity space. Should be easy to carry out all kinds of leisure, sports, entertainment, assembly and other activities, with good accessibility of the traffic. The green space corridor in some cities failed to form. The relationship between the urban city park and the surrounding buildings was improperly handled. The green landscape was cut off from the buildings and could not be connected with the cities. There are also open spaces surrounded by buildings, fewer entrances and exits, and lower accessibility.

Insufficient and scattered open space

At present, the urban open space is under-resourced and always in small size. It is also declining with urban renewal. Making the quality of urban eco-environment and the quality of life of urban residents decreased. Urban heat island effect is increasingly obvious. The continuity and diversity of urban open space are also not well represented in urban design. Urban public space is an integral part of the city. It is not an isolated unit in the form of streets, parks and squares. Therefore, the sporadically constructed urban public space is not in a system. It cannot fully affect the open space on city landscape culture and urban style.

Simple function, lack of humanity consideration, and less comfortable

The reality of human nature is the core issue of plaza design. It reflects and reflects the importance of plaza design in urban design. In any design of environment, consideration of human factors is the most important issue. If there is a lack of human scale in plaza design, then it cannot be an urban space. In addition, some urban parks have not been renovated or renovated for a long time. Due to the rough design of the parks and less consideration of humanized demands, they are unable to meet the leisure requirements of all kinds of users. Street parks lack of outstanding urban sculpture, sketch, green design, urban culture can not be formed, in particular, can not meet the daily needs of the elderly and children. These less comfortable open spaces have become a hotbed of crime and hinder the further development of the city.

I like the words by Bratishenko, he cited that, “Freud called parks a fantasy because they perform a function in society like fantasies do for individuals. When agriculture or industry threaten to change the earth into something unrecognizable, we create “reservations.” These places maintain the old condition of things, which has been regrettably sacrificed to necessity everywhere else. And in these reservations everything is permitted to grow and spread.”

When capitalist sees value elsewhere, just because it can sell or what be built or excavated can sell. Then park is the only natural resource of value in a city, precisely because it looks underdeveloped. This vision becomes the same thing for industrialists and landscape architects, turning nature resource itself into something consumable.

In Bratishenko’s report, urban parks were the traditional symbols of affluence. They are used to prove that the city does not need to reclaim all the land in uses of living or working. All of these pure green spaces shout shiningly: “look how rich we are.”

The success of a well-designed park as a public space is that, after careful planning and genuine attention to residential and community issues, citizens will find out their park more than just an expensive lawn in the city. Parks are central places in the community, are the occasions of casual interpersonal communication, and where people will be gathered around. As more citizens participate in parks design, maintenance, alteration and use, city parks can realize their potential as the core of a community.


Lev Bratishenko (2017). No Parks [online] A debate featuring Sarah Dunn, Karen K. Lee, Nikita Lopoukhine, Martin Lukacs, and Martin Rein-Cano. Introduced by Lev Bratishenko. Available at:


School of Architecture
Planning and Landscape
Newcastle upon Tyne
Tyne and Wear, NE1 7RU

Tel: 0191 208 6509


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