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In the last decades, the global climate is changing and there are two negative effects: sea-level rise and an increasing cyclone. Tomo have illustrated three general approaches to deal with those problems on the scale of building. This comment would add and introduce the planning strategies.

Three predominate strategies were set by IPCC Coastal Zone Management Subgroup:

  • Withdrawal the land at sea zone do not require much effort. The coastal zone would be abandoned and the whole eco-system transferred to land. This choice may be against by excessive economic or environmental impact. In extreme cases, the entire area may need to be abandoned.
  • Accommodation means that people would remain live in their homeland, but do not try to stop the flooding. This option includes the establishment of an emergency flood shelter, lifting of buildings on piles, conversion of agriculture to fish farming, or planting of flood-resistant or salt-tolerant crops.
  • Protect hard structures such as sea walls and dicks. At the same time, using soft solutions such as soft landscape and agricultural to protect the land.

There is still other research about how to deal with flooding and sea arise regarding landscape and construction in the chapter 8 and 9 of the reference book.


 Watson, D. and Adams, M. (2013). Design for flooding. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley, pp.169-176/ 223.


School of Architecture
Planning and Landscape
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