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Lara shows a walking project in Barcelona to us in her blog. According to the master plan, the project is part of a larger plan to create more space for pedestrians and to give the city more bikes, walkers and trams. How to make a city more sustainable and livable through street design or pedestrian design is very important to city designers and planners.

People usually walk on and near a public road. Traditionally, this area was designed by the community to accommodate private properties, moving people and moving goods. (Forsyth 2008). Meanwhile, it is also a road for motor vehicles. In fact, in many cases, the driveway is completely occupied by public transports such as motor vehicles and travel lanes, and the rest of the places where these things can be done often lack safety. Pedestrians do not have to enter public roads, nor can they be barred from entering public roads, but they have no choice but to walk on that road (Ewing et al., 2009). Pedestrians are required by the cars to walk face to face with the traffic in the street in order not to block their way of the vehicles. Vauban, a German city, is another case in point for the walkable street design in urban areas. Car-free places can be found in Vauban in which cars are prohibited with a tram to Freiburg going through that town.

Perhaps you can find the best example of sustainable living of urban areas in Vauban. This man-made community was firstly built in the middle of the 1990s, which opened later in 2000. Up to 2001, there were two thousand residents and now it is said to have five thousand residents, who have more than six hundred jobs (Thorp, 2013). In accordance with Louise Abellard, people create the Vauban District jointly by means of cooperation and brainstorming. Thanks to their collective decision, the district later become an example of ecological friendly living and overall environmental planning.

Finally, a sound design of pedestrian facility, I think, can be used in developing new facilities, improving and retrofitting existing facilities of such kinds.



Ewing, R. T., Killingsworth, S. R., Zlot, A. and Raudenbush, S. (2003). “Relationship between urban sprawl and physical activity, obesity, and morbidity”. American Journal of Health Promotion, Vol. 18(1), pp.47–57.

Forsyth, A. and Southwoth, M. (2008). “Cities Afoot—Pedestrians, Walkability and Urban Design”, Journal of Urban Design, Vol. 13(1), pp.1-3.

Thorp, D. (2013). The World’s Most Successful Model for Sustainable Urban Development? Available at (Accessed 20 May 2018).

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Planning and Landscape
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