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Street is a multi-functional place, especially in urban scheme. Yilan pointed out that a well-designed street could works on micro-climates, improving people’s physical and mental health, promoting social interaction and helping vulnerable group.

Beside what Yilan mentioned before, street could also enhance community engagement and social capital (WHO, 2008). Plus, both of them are significant indicators of the quality and human well-being (Richard et al., 2009). Semenza and March (2009) defined social capital as a combination and overlay of social networks and relations that determined reliance, reciprocity and action.

There are several elements in field of street design could influence community engagement. Security and safety might be the predominate influence factors (Kaufman and Hassen, 2016). Highly accessibility and density of the facilities and resources also contribute to social interaction. Leyden (2003) indicates that a mixed-use and walkable street with both residential and commercial could enhance social capital. The other elements including aesthetics and upkeep, age-friendly/dementia friendly, green infrastructure, traffic flow and walkability and so on.



Leyden, K.M., 2003. Social capital and the built environment: the importance of walkable neighborhoods. Am. J. Public Health 93 (9), 1546–1551.

Richard, L., Gauvin, L., Gosselin, C., Laforest, S., 2009. Staying connected: neigh- bourhood correlates of social participation among older adults living in an urban environment in Montreal, Quebec. Health Promot. Int. 24 (1), 46–57.

Semenza, J.C., March, T.L., 2009. An urban community-based intervention to advance social interactions. Environ. Behav. 41 (1), 22–42.

World Health Organization (WHO), 2008. Commission on Social Determinants of Health – Executive Summary. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.


School of Architecture
Planning and Landscape
Newcastle upon Tyne
Tyne and Wear, NE1 7RU

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